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Список литератур

Приведенные здесь книги и статьи позволяют более углубленно проработать изучаемый материал, используя цитируемую литературу.

Значительно ускорившийся прогресс исследований во многих областях науки документирован в многочисленных специальных журналах.

Ввиду увеличения потока данных и возрастающей специализации все более важным становится периодическое издание обзоров. Уже в 1931 г. в Германии было основано издание «Die Fortschritte der Botanik», т.е. »Успехи ботаники» (современное название — Progress in Botany, Springer, Berlin), которое ежегодно информирует о новых результатах исследований в ботанике. Регулярно выходят также различные ежегодные обзоры по разделам клеточной биологии и биологии развития; генетики; микробиологии; фитопатологии; физиологии растений и молекулярной биологии растений; ежегодные обзоры на английском языке (Annual Reviews of Cell and Developmental Biology; Genetics; Microbiology; Phytopathology; Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology), Annu. Rev. Inc., Palo Alto. Можно рекомендовать также менее широко охватывающие периодические издания Advances in Botanical Research (Academic Press, San Diego) и Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences (CRC Press, Boca Raton). О новейших успехах все чаще сообщается также в обзорах или миниобзорах, печатающихся в еженедельных или ежемесячных журналах. Они предлагаются также собранными в особые серии, такие, как Trends in Biochemical Sciences, in Biotechnology, in Cell Biology, in Genetics; in Plant Sciences (Elsevier Science, London); in Current Opinion in Plant Biology (также издается Elsevier Science). Миниобзоры по биологии и медицине ежемесячно появляются собранными в Current Biology (Current Biology, Ltd., London).

ВВЕДЕНИЕ

История ботаники

Cremer T (1985) Von der Zellenlehre zur Chromosomentheorie. Springer, Berlin

Jahn I, Hrsg (2000) Geschichte der Biologie, 3.

Aufl. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Magdefrau К (1992) Geschichte der Botanik,

  1. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Mayr E (1984) Die Entwicklung der biologi- schen Gedankenwelt. Springer, Berlin

Moltmann UG, Hrsg (1994) 100 Jahre Stras- burgers Lehrbuch der Botanik ffir Hochschulen. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Лексика, терминология, даты, иллюстрации

Cole СН, HauBer-Siller 1 (1998) Worterbuch der Biologie, Englisch-Deutsch/Deutsch-Englisch (auch als CD-ROM). Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Dietrich G, Stocker FW, Hrsg (1986) Fach- lexikon ABC Biologie, 7. Aufl. Harri Deutsch Verlag, Thun

Flindt R (2000) Biologie in Zahlen, 5. Aufl. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Lexikon der Biologie (seit 2000 im Erscheinen). 14 Bande und 1 Registerband; auch auf CD-ROM. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Medawar PB, Medawar JS (1986) Von Aristo- teles bis Zufall. Ein philosophisches Wurterbuch der Biologie. Piper, Mnnchcn

Schubert R, Wagner G. (1993) Botanisches Worterbuch, 11. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Vogel G., Angermann H. (1998) dtv-Atlas zur Biologie, 3 Bande, 10. Aufl. Deutscher Taschen- buchverlag, Mrinchcn

Vogellehner D. (1983) Botanische Terminologie und Nomen-klatur, 2. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart Wagenitz G. (1996) Worterbuch der Botanik. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Интернет

http://gened emc.maricopa.edu/bio/biol81/ BIOBK/BioBook

TOC.html (Online Biology Book) http://www.wisc.edu/botany/virtual.html (Pflanzenbilder, auch mikroskopisch; M. Clayton) http://www.Biologe.de/menu.html (Schule- Studium- Beruf- Business)

Теория науки и познания

Lorenz К (1973) Die Riickseite des Spiegels. Piper, Miinchen (als Taschenbuch 1997)

Mohr Н (1977) Lectures on Structure and Significance of Science. Springer, New York

Popper KR (1994) Logik der Forschung, 10. Aull. Mohr, Tubingen

Popper KR (1995) Objektive Erkenntnis, 3.

Aull. Eloffmann amp; Campe, Hamburg

Vollmer G (1985, 1986) Was konnen wir wis- sen? Hirzel, Stuttgart

Vollmer G (1995) Biophilosophie. Reclam, Stuttgart

Возникновение и развитие жизни

Bengtson S, ed (1993) Early Life on Earth. Nobel Symposium 84. Columbia University Press, New York

de Duve С (1994) Ursprung des Lebens. Pmbiotische Evolution und die Entstehung der Zelle. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

de Duve С (1995) Aus Staub geboren. Leben als kosmische Zwangslaufigkeit. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Doolittle WF, Brown JR (1994) Tempo, mode, the progenote and the universal root. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 6721-6728

Ebeling W, Feistel R (1994) Chaos und Kosmos. Prinzipien der Evolution. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Haken H, Haken-Krell M (1989) Entstehung biologischer information und Ordnung. Wissensc- haftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt

Hayes JM (1996) The earliest memories of life on earth. Nature 384: 21—22

Lazcano A, Miller SL (1996) The origin and early evolution of life: prebiotic chemistry, the pre- RNA world, and time. Cell 85: 793 — 798

Rizztti M (2000) Early Evolution. Birkhauser, Bassel

Schopf JW, ed (1983) Earth’s Earliest Biosphere. Princenton University Press, Princeton

ЛИТЕРАТУРА ПО ЭКОЛОГИИ Глава 12. ОСНОВЫ ЭКОЛОГИИ РАСТЕНИЙ Общие работы

Barbour М, Burk JH, Pitts WD (1998) Terrestrial Plant Ecology, 3rd ed. Addison Wesley Longman, Meno Park, California

Begon M, Harper JL, Townsend CR (1999) Ecology: Individuals, Populations and Communities, 3rd ed. Blackwell, Oxford

Віск H (1999) Grundziige der Okologie, 3. Aufl. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Chapin FS III, Matson PA, Mooney HA (2002) Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer, New York

Crawley MJ (1996) Plant Ecology, 2nd ed. Blackwell, Oxford

Dale MRT (2000) Spatial Pattern Analysis in Plant Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Gause GF (1934) The Struggle for Existence. Williams and Wilkins Co, Baltimore

Grime JP (2001) Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties, 2nd ed. John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Grime JP, Hodgson G, Hunt JR (1989) Comparative Plant Ecology. A Functional Approach to Common British Species, Unwin Hyman, London

Grubb PJ, Whittaker JB (1989) Toward a More Exact Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford

Hendry GAF, Grime JP (1993) Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology: A Laboratory Manual. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Klotzli FA (1993) Okosysteme, 3. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Kreeb KH (1990) Methoden zur Pllanzcnoko- logie und Bioindikation, 2. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Krebs CJ (2001) Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance, 5th ed. Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco

Lawton JH (1999) Are there general laws in ecology? Oikos 84: 177—192

Odum EP (1999) Okologie: Grundlagen, Stan- dorte, Anwendung, 3 Aufl. Thieme, Stuttgart Pianka ER (2000) Evolutionary Ecology, 6"’ ed. Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco

Ricklefs RE, Miller GL (2000) Ecology, 4,h ed. Freeman, New York

Schaefer M (1992) Okologie: Worterbiicher der Biologie, 3. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Schubert R (1991) Lehrbuch der Okologie. 3. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Townsend CR, Harper JL, Begon M (2000) Essentials of Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford

Серийные издания

Ecological Studies, Springer, Berlin Advances in Ecological Research, Academic Press, New York

Периодические издания

Acta Oecologica, Basic and Applied Ecology, Ecology, Global ecology and biogeography. Journal of Ecology, Ecological Review, Molecular Ecology, Oecologia, Oikos, Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Климат и почва

Bliithgen J (1980) Allgemeine Klimageographie,

  1. Aufl. De Gruyter, Berlin

Das BM (1983) Fundamentals of Soil Dynamics.

Elsevier, New York

Daubenmire RF (1974) Plants and Environment: A Textbook of Plant Autecology, 3rd ed. John Wiley amp; Sons, New York

Dickinson CH, Pugh GJF (1974) Biology of Plant Litter Decomposition, 2 vols. Academic Press, London

Geiger R (1961) Das Klima der bodennahen Luftschicht: ein Lehrbuch der Mikroklimatologie,

  1. Aufl. Vieweg, Braunschweig

Gisi U (1997) Bodenokologie, 2. Aufl. Thieme, Stuttgart

Joussaume S (1996) Klima: gestern — heute — morgen. Springer, Berlin

Kuntze H, Roeschmann G, Georg Schwerdtfe- ger G (1994) Bodenkunde, 5. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart Lundegardh H (1957) Klima und Boden in ihrer Wirkung auf das Pflanzenleben, 5. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Rowell DL (1997) Bodenkunde: Untersuc- hungsmethoden und ihre Anwendungen. Springer, Berlin

Scheffer F, Schachtschabel P (1998) Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde, 14. Aufl. Enkc, Stuttgart

Schinner F, Sonnleitner R (1996) Bodenokologie: Mikrobiologie und Bodenenzymatik. Band 1: Grundlagen, Klima, Vegetation und Bodentyp. Springer, Berlin

Schonwiese CD (1994) Klimatologie Ulmer, Stuttgart

Schulin R, Desaules A, Webster R, von Steiger В (1993) Soil Monitoring: Early Detection and Surveying of Soil Contamination and Degradation. Birkhauser, Basel

Topp W (1981) Biologie der Bodenorganismen. Quelle amp; Meyer, Heidelberg

Troll С (1944) Slrukturboden, Solifluktion und Frostklimate der Erde. In: Troll C, ed, Diluvial- Geologie und Klima. Geol Rundsch 34: 545 — 694 Walter H, Lieth H (1967) Klimadiagramm — Weltatlas. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Wood M (1995) Environmental Soil Biology, 2nd ed. Blackie Academic amp; Professional, London

Гидробиология

Davies BR, Walker KF (1986) The Ecology of River Ecosystems. Monogr Biol 60, Junk, Dordrecht

Gerlach SA (1994) Spezielle Okologie: Marine Systeme. Springer, Berlin

Gessner F (1955 — 57) Hydrobotanik: die physiologischen Grundlagen der Pflanzenverbrei- lung im Wasser, 2 Bande. VEB, Berlin

Goldmann C, Horne AJ (1983) Limnology. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York

Lampert W, Sommer U (1999) Limnookolo- gie, 2. Aufl. Thieme, Stuttgart

Mann K, Lazier JRN (1996) Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems: Biological-physical Interactions in the Oceans, 2nd ed. Blackwell, Oxford

Olt J (1996) Meereskunde: Einfiihrung in die Geographie und Biologie der Ozeane, 2. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Reynolds CS (1984) The Ecology of Freshwater Phytoplankton. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Ruttner F (1962) GrundriB der Limnologie,

  1. Aufl. de Gruyter amp; Co, Berlin

Schwoerbel J (1999) Einfiihrung in die Limnologie, 8. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart Straskraba M, Gnauck A (1983) Aquatische Okosysteme: Modellierung und Simulation. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Tardent P (1993) Meeresbiologie, 2. Aufl. Thieme, Stuttgart

Uhlmann D, Horn W (2001) Hydrobiologie der Binnengewasser. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Valiela I (1995) Marine Ecological Processes, 2nd ed. Springer, New York

Периодические издания

Archiv fiir Hydrobiologie, Aquatic Botany, Aquatic Ecology

Глава 13. РАСТЕНИЯ В ЖИЗНЕННОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ

См. также литературу к гл. 12. Основы экологии растений

Общие работы

Adams МА, Grierson PF (2001) Stable isotopes at natural abundance in terrestrial plant ecology and ecophysiology: an update. Plant biol 3: 299—310 Chabot BF, Mooney HA (1985) Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Fitter AH, Hay RKM (2002) Environmental Physiology of Plants, 3rd ed. Academic Press, San Diego

Givnish TJ (1986) On the Economy of Plant Form and Function. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Lambers H, Chapin FS, Pons TL (1998) Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer, New York

Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Ziegler H (1981 — 1983) Physiological Plant Ecology, Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New Series, vols 12A—D. Springer, Berlin

Larcher W (2001) Okophysiologie der Pflan- zen, 6. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Larcher W (1985) Schadigung der Pflanzen durch Frost In: Sorauer P, Hrsg, Handbuch der Pflanzenkrankheiten, 7. Aufl. 1(5): 139—176

Larcher W (1985) Frostresistenz. In: Sorauer P. Hrsg, Handbuch der Pflanzenkrankheiten, 7. Aufl. 1(5): 177-259

Liittge U (1997) Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants. Springer, Berlin

Mitscherlich G (1981) Wald, Wachstum und Umwelt. Band 2: Waldklima und Wasserhaushalt. Sauerlander, Frankfurt am Main

Monteith JL (1975—1976) Vegetation and the Atmosphere, 2 vols. Academic Press, London Mooney HA, Winner WE, Pell EJ, Chu E (1991) Response of Plants to Multiple Stresses. Academic Press, San Diego

Mulkey SS, Chazdon RL, Smith AP (1996) Tropical Plant Ecophysiology. Chapman amp; Hall, New York

Pearcy RW, Ehleringer JR, Mooney HA, Rundel PW (1989) Plant Physiological Ecology. Chapman and Hall, London

Press MC, Scholes JD, Barker MG (1999) Physiological Plant Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford Russell G, Marshall B, Jarvis PG (1989) Plant Canopies: Their Growth, Form and Function. Soc Exp Biol Seminar Ser, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Solbrig ОТ, Medina E, Silva JF (1996) Biodiversity and Savanna Ecosystem Processes: A Global Vrspective. Ecol Studies 121. Springer, Berlin Schulze ED, Zwolfer H (1987) Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis. Ecol Studies 61. Springer, Berlin

Steubing L, Schwanter HO (1992) Okologische Botanik, 3. Aufl. Quelfe amp; Meyer, Heidefberg Underwood AJ (r997) Experiments in Ecology. Their Logical Design and Interpretation Using Analysis of Variance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

von Willert DJ, Matyssek R, Herppich W

  1. Experimentelle Pflanzenukologie: Grundlagen und Anwendungen. Thieme, Stuttgart

Растения и климат, стресс

Borghetti М, Grace J, Raschi A (1993) Water Transport in Plants Under Climatic Stress. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Cherry JH (1989) Environmental Stress in Plants: Biochemical and Physiological Mechanisms. Springer, Berlin

Fowden, L Mansfield T, Stoddart J (1993) Plant Adaptation to Environmental Stress. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Gates DM, Schmerl RB (1975) Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. Ecol Studies 12. Springer, Berlin Goldammer JG (1993) Feuer in Waldokosy- stemen der Tropen und Subtropen. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel

Goldammer JG, Furyaev V (1996) Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. KJuwer Academic Publishers, Doedrecht

Goldammer JG, Jenkins MJ (1990) Fire in Ecosystem Dynamics. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague

Grace J (1977) Plant Response to Wind. Academic Press, London

Heide OM (1994) Control of flowering and reproduction in temperate grassland. New Phytol 128: 347-362

Johnson EA, Miyanishi К (2001) Forest Fires: Behavior and Ecological Effects. Academic Press, San Diego

Jones HG (1992) Plants and Microclimate. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Jones HG, Rowers TJ, Jones MB (1989) Plants Under Stress. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Kozlowski TT, Ahlgren CE (1974) Fire and Ecosystems. Academic Press, New York

Monsi M, Saeki T (1953) Uber den Lichtfaktor in den Pflanzen-gesellschaften und seine Bedeutung fur die Stoffproduktion. Jap J Bot 14: 22 — 52 Myers N (1992) Tropical Forests and Climate. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Sakai A, Larcher W (1987) Frost Survival of Plants. Responses and Adaptation to Freezing Stress. Ecol Studies 62. Springer, Berlin

Schweingruber FH (1993) Jahrringe und Umwelt —Dendrookologie. Eidgenossische For- schungsanstalt fur Wald, Schnee und Landschaft, Birmensdorf

Slatyer RO (1973) Plant Response to Climatic Factors. UNESCO, Paris

Tenhunen JD, Catarino FM, Lange OL, Oechel WC (1987) Plant Response to Stress. Functional Analysis in Mediterranean Ecosystems. NATO AS1 Series G. Springer, Berlin

Turner NC, Kramer PJ (1980) Adaptation of Plants to Water and High Temperature Stress. John Wiley amp; Sons, New York

Wein RW, MacLean DA (1983) The Role of Fire in Northern Circumpolar Ecosystems. John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Водный обмен

Caldwell MM, Dawson ТЕ, Richards JH (1998) Hydraulic lift: Consequences of water efflux from the roots of plants. Oecologia 113: 151 —161 Lange OL, Kappen L, Schulze ED (1976) Water and Plant Life. Ecol Studies 19. Springer, Berlin Losch R (2001) Wasserhaushalt der Pflanzen. Quelle amp; Meyer, Wiebelsheim

Schulze ED (1982) Plant life forms and their carbon, water and nutrient relations. In: Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Ziegler H, eds. Encycl Plant Physiol, New Series vol 12B, pp 616 — 676. Springer, Berlin

Schulze ED, Hall AE (1982) Stomatal responses, water loss and C02 assimilation rates of plants in contrasting environments. In: Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Ziegler H, eds. Encycl Plant Physiol New Ser vol 12B, pp 181—230. Springer, Berlin Slatyer RO (1967) Plant Water Relationships. Academic Press London

Slavik В (1974) Methods of Studying Plant Water Relations. Ecol Studies 9. Springer, Berlin

Минеральный и азотный баланс

Agren GI, Bosatta Е (1996) Theoretical Ecosystem Ecology—Understanding Element Cycles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Berendse F, Aerts R (1987) Nitrogen-use-effi- ciency: a biologically meaningful definition? Funct Ecol 1: 293-296

Falkowski, PG (1995) Ironing out what controls primary production in the nutrient rich waters of the open ocean. Global Change Biol 1: 161 — 163

Field Ch, Mooney HA (1986) The photosyn- thesis-nitrogen relationship in wild plants. In: Givnisn TJ, ed, On The Economy of Plant Form and Function, pp 25 — 55. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Ingestad T (1981) Nutrition and growth of birch and grey alder seedlings in low conductivity solutions and at varied relative rates of nutrient addition. Physiol Plant 52: 454—466

Kinzel, H (1982) Pflanzenokologie und Mine- ralstoffwechsel. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Lee JA, McNeill S, Rorison IH (1983) Nitrogen as an Ecological Factor. Blackwell, Oxford Medina E, Cuevas E (1994) Mineral nutrition: humid tropical forests. Progr Bot 55: 115 — 129 Munns R (1993) Physiological processes limiting plant growth in saline soils: some dogmas and hypotheses. Plant Cell Environm 16: 15 — 24

Popp M (1993) Ecological aspects of nitrogen nutrition. Progr Bot 54: 448—460

Popp M (1995) Salt resistance in herbaceous halophytes and mangroves. Progr Bot 56: 416—429 Reich PB, Ellsworth DS, Walters MB, Vose JM, Gresham C, Volin JC, Bowman WD (1999) Generality of leaf trait relationships: atest across six biomes. Ecology 80: 1955— 1969

Schulze ED (2000) Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems. Ecol Studies 142. Springer, Berlin

Vitousek P (1982) Nutrient cycling and nutrient use efficiency. Am Nat 119: 553 — 572

Баланс углерода

Bolin В, Degens E, Kempe J, Ketner P (1979) The Global Carbon Cycle John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Chapin FS, Schulze ED, Mooney HA (1990) The ecology and economics of storage in plants. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 21: 423 — 447

Duvigneaud P (1971) Productivity of Forest Ecosystems. Unesco, Paris

Ehleringer JR, Hall AE, Farquhar GD (1993) Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon-water Relations. Academic Press, San Diego

Ellenberg H, Mayer R, Schauermann J (1986) Okosystemforschung: Ergebnisse des Solling-Projekts. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Estes JR, Tyrl RJ, Brunken JN (1982) Grasses and Grasslands: Systematics and Ecology. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma

Evans JR, Seemann JR (1989) The allocation of protein nitrogen in the photosynthetic apparatus: costs, consequences, and control In: Briggs WR, ed, Photosynthesis, pp. 183 — 205. Alan R Liss Inc, New York

Falkowski P, Scholes RJ, Boyle E, Canadell J, Canfield D, Elser J, Gruber N, Hibbard K, Hog- berg P, Linder S, Mackenzie FT, Moore III B, Pedersen T, Rosenthal Y, Seitzinger S, Smeta- cek V, Steffen W (2000) The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science 290: 291—296

Houghton RA (1994) The worldwide extent of land-use change. BioScience 44: 305—313

Hunt R (1982) Plant Growth Curves. The Functional Apporach to Plant Growth Analysis. Arnold, • London

Jackson RB, Canadell J, Ehleringer JR, Mooney HA, Sala OE, Schulze ED (1996) A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108: 389-411

Kira T (1978) Primary production of forests. In: Photosynthesis and Productivity in Different Environments. Int Biol Progr 3, pp 5—39. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Korner Ch (1999) Biologische Folgen der COj-Erhuhung. B1UZ 29: 353-363

Korner Ch (2000) Biosphere responses to C02 enrichment. Ecol Appl 10: 1590—1619

Lambers H, Poorter H, VanVuren MMI (1998) Inherent Variation in Plant Growth. Physiological Mechanisms and Ecological Consequences. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden

Lange OL, Beyschlag W, Tenhunen JD (1987) Control of leaf carbon assimilation — input of chemical energy into ecosystems. Ecol Studies 61, pp 149—163. Springer, Berlin

Lieth H, Whittaker RH (1975) Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Ecol Studies 14. Springer, Berlin

Mickler RA, Fox S (1998) The Productivity and Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a Changing Environment. Ecol Studies 128. Springer, New York

Olson JS, Watts JA, Allison LJ (1983) Carbon in Live Vegetation of Major World Ecosystems. DOE/NBB-0037, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, US Dept of Energy, Washington

Potter CS (1999) Terrestrial biomass and the effects of deforestation on the global carbon cycle — Results from a model of primary production using satellite observations. BioScience 49: 769—778 Pretzsch H (2001) Modellierung des Wald- wachstums. Parey, Berlin

Roy J, Mooney HA, Saugier В (2001). Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press, San Diego

Roy J, Garnier E (1994) A Whole Plant Perspective on Carbon-nitrogen Interactions. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague

Rundel PW, Ehleringer JR, Nagy К A (1989) Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research. Ecol Studies 68. Springer, New York

Schulze ED. Caldwell MM (1994) Ecophysio- logy of Photosynthesis. Ecol Studies 100. Springer, Berlin

Spiecker H, Mielikainen, Kohl M, Skovsga- ard JP (1996) Growth Trends in European Forests, European Forest Institute Research Report No. 5. Springer, Berlin

Проблемы окружающей среды и «глобальные изменения»

Aiken SR, Leigh СН (1995) Vanishing Rain Forests: The Ecological Transition in Malaysia. Clarendon Press, Oxford

Bahadir M, Parlar H, Spiteller M (2000) Springer Umwelt-lexikon. Springer, Berlin

Barbier EB (1993) Economics and Ecology: New Frontiers and Sustainable Development. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Bemdt J (1996) Umweltbiochemie. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Diaz HF, Beniston M, Bradley RS (1997) Climatic Change at High Elevation Sites. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Fiedler HJ, GroBe G, Lehmann G, Mittag M

  1. Umweltschutz: Grundlagen, Planung, Tech- nologien, Management Gustav Fischer, Jena Forstner U (1995) Umweltschutztechnik, 5. Aufl. Springer, Berlin

Fritsche W (1998) Umwelt-Mikrobiologie. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Goodess CM, Palutikoff JP, Davies TD (1992) The Nature and Causes of Climate Change: Assessing the Long-term Future. Belhaven Press, London

Goudie AS (2000) The Human Impact on the Natural Environment, 5th ed. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Hutzinger O(1980ff) The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 5 vols. Springer, Berlin Jarvis PG (1998) European Forests and Global Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Jedicke E (1997) Die roten Listen gefahrdeter Pflanzen, Tiere, Pflanzengesellschaften und Biotope in Bund und Landem, mit Datenbank «ROTUS» auf CD-ROM. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Kareiva PM, Kingsolver JG, Huey RB (1993) Biotic Interactions and Global Change. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachussets

Kaule G (1991) Arten- und Biotopschutz, 2. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Kjellsson G, Simonsen V, Ammann К (1994 — 1999) Methods for Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants, 3 vols. Birkhauser, Basel

Korner Ch, Bazzaz. FA (1996) Carbon Dioxide, Populations, and Communities. Academic Press, San Diego

Lewis WM Jr, Saunders JF III, Crumpacker DW Sr, Brendecke CM (1984) Eutrophication and Land Use. Ecol Studies 46. Springer, New York Lucier AL, Haines SG (1990) Mechanisms of Forest Response to Acidic Deposition. Springer, New York

Ludwig G, Schnittler M (1996) Rote Liste gefahrdeter Pflanzen Deutschlands, Schriftenreihe fiir Vegetationskunde 28, Bundesamt fiir Natur- schutz Bonn-Bad Godesberg

McDonnell MJ, Pickett STA (1993) Humans as Components of Ecosystems. Springer, New York Mooney HM, Hobbs, RJ (2000) Invasive Species in a Changing World. Island Press, Washington

Nentwig W (1995) Humanokologie. Springer, Berlin

Niklfeld H (1999) Rote Listen gefahrdeter Pflanzen Osterreichs, 2. Aufl. Austria Medien Service, Graz

Palo M (1999) Forest Transitions and Carbon Fluxes: Global Scenarios and Policies. World Development Studies 15, UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki Pemetta J, Leemans R, Elder D, Humphrey S (1994) Impacts of Climate Change on Ecosystems and Species. IUCN Communications Division, Gland, Switzerland

Plachter H (1991) Naturschutz. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Primack RB (1995) Naturschutzbiologie. Spekt- rum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Puhe J, Ulrich В (2001) Global Climate Change and Human Impacts on Forest Ecosystems. Postglacial Development, Present Situation, and Future Trends in Central Europe. Ecol Studies 143. Springer, Berlin

Ramade F (1987) Ecotoxicology. John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Schulze ED, Lange OL, Oren R (1989) Forest Decline and Air Pollution: A Study of Spruce (Picea abies) on Acid Soils. Ecol Studies 77. Springer, Berlin Solomon AM, Shugart HH (1993) Vegetation Dynamics and Global Change. Chapman amp; Hall, New York

Smith WH (1990) Air Pollution and Forests Interactions Between Air Contaminants and Forest Ecosystems, 2nd ed. Springer, New York

Smith TM, Shugart HH, Woodward FI (1997) Plant Functional Types: Their Relevance to Ecosystem Properties and Global Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Steubing L, Buchwald K, Braun E (1995) Natur- und Umweltschutz. Gustav Fischer, Jena Teller A, Mathy P, Jeffers JNR (1992) Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes. Elsevier Applied Science London

Usher MB, Erz W (1994) Erfassen und Bewerten im Naturschutz. Quelle amp; Meyer, Eleidelberg

Veroustraete F (1994) Vegetation, Modelling and Climatic Change Effects. SPB Academic Publishing, The Plague

Walker B, Steffen W (1996) Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Walther G-R, Burga CA, Edwards PJ (2001) Fingerprints of Climate Change: Adapted Behavior and Shifting Species Ranges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers, New York

Wegener U (1998) Naturschutz in der Kul- turlandschaft: Schutz und Pflege von Lebensraumen. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Whitmore TC, Sayer JA (1992) Tropical Deforestation and Species Extinction. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Wilson EO (1992) Ende der biologischen Viel- falt? Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Биотические взаимодействия

Agerer R (1985) Zur Okologie der Mykorrhi- zapilze. Cramer, Vaduz

Beattie AJ (1985) The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualism. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Carroll GC, Tudzynski P (1997) Plant Relationships. Springer, Berlin

Fritz RS, Simms EL (1992) Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Gilbert LE, Raven PH (1980) Coevolution of Animals and Plants, 2nd ed. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas

Harborne JB (1993) Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry, 4lh ed. Academic Press, London Keddy PA (2001) Competition, 2nd ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Lemaire G, Hodgson J, de Moraes A, Nabin- ger C, de F Carvalho PC (2000) Grassland Eco- physiology and Grazing

Ecology. CABI Publ. Wallingford Luken JO, Thieret JW (1997) Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions. Springer, New York Rice EL (1984) Allelopathy, 2nd ed. Academic Press, Orlando

Schlee D (1992) Okologische Biochemie, 2. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Stacey G, Keen N (1996 ft) Plant-Microbe Interactions, 5 vols, APS Press, St. Paul

Strong DR, Lawton JH, Southwood TRE (1984) Insects on Plants: Community Patterns and Mechanisms. Blackwell, Oxford

Trager W (1986) Living Together: The Biology of Animal Parasitism. Plenum Press, New York Werner D (1987) Pflanzliche und mikrobielle Symbiosen. Georg Thieme, Stuttgart

Выращивание технических культур

Arnold A (1997) Allgemeine Agrargeographie. Klett-Perthes, Gotha

Apps MJ. Price DT (1996) Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management, and the Global Carbon Cycle. Springer, New York

Brhcher H (1977) Tropische Nutzpflanzen: Urs- prung, Evolution und Domestikation. Springer, Berlin Dengler A (1990—1992) Waldbau auf okolo- gischer Grundlage, 2 Bande. Paul Parey, Hamburg Evans LT (1975) Crop Physiology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

FAO (2000) Production Yearbook 1999, FAO, Rome

Frisvold G, Kuhn В (1999) Global Environmental Change and Agriculture. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK

Geier U (2000) Anwendung der Okobilanz- Methode in der Landwirtschaft dargestellt am Bei- spiel einer Prozess-Okobilanz konventioneller und organischer Bewirtschaftung. Koster, Berlin

Gliessman SR (1990) Agroecology: Researching the Ecological Basis for Sustainable Agriculture. Ecol Studies 78. Springer, New York

Hall AE (2001) Crop Responses to Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton

Harlan JR (1992) Crops and Man, 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin Heiser CB Jr (1981) Seed to Civilization. The Story of Food, 2nd ed. WH Freeman and Company, San Francisco

Holzner W, Numata M (1982) Biology and Ecology of Weeds. Junk, The Hague

Knauer N (1993) Okologie und Landwirtschaft: Situation — Konflikte — Losungen Ulmer, Stuttgart

Liinzer I, Vogtmann H (1994—1999) Okologische Landwirtschaft. Pflanzenbau, Tierhaltung, Management, 2 Bande. Springer, Berlin

Reddy KR, Hodges HF (2000) Climate Change and Global Crop Productivity. CABI Publishing. Wallingford

Rosenzweig C, Hillel D (1998) Climate Change and the Global Harvest: Potential Impacts of the Greenhouse Effect on Agriculture. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Willerding U (1986) Zur Geschichte der Un- krauter Mitteleuropas. Wachholtz, Neumiinster

Глава 14. ЭКОЛОГИЯ ПОПУЛЯЦИЙ И РАСТИТЕЛЬНЫХ СООБЩЕСТВ Экология популяций

См. также литературу к гл. 12. Основы экологии растений

Begon М, Mortimer М, Thompson DJ (1997) Populationsokologie. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Dirzo R, Sarukhan J (1984) Perspectives on Plant Population Ecology. Sinauer. Sunderland. Massachusetts

Fenner M (2000) Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities. CABI Pub, New York

Fenner M (1985) Seed Ecology. Chapman and Hall, London, New York

Silvertown JW, Charlesworth D (2001) Introduction to Plant Population Biology, 4th ed. Blackwell, Oxford

Silvertown J, Antonovics J (2001) Integrating Ecology and Evolution in a Spatial Context. Blackwell, Oxford

Harper, JI. (1977) Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, London

Hastings A (1997) Population Biology. Concepts and Models. Springer, New York

Jain SK, Botsford LW (1992) Applied Population Biology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Jackson JBC, Buss LW, Cook RE (1985) Population Biology and Evolution of Clonal Organisms. Yale University Press, New Haven, London

MacArthur RH, Connell JH (1970) Biologie der Populationen. BLV, Miinchen

Schierwater B, Streit B, Wagner GP, DeSa- lle R (1994) Molecular Ecology and Evolution Approaches and Applications. Birkh/iuser, Basel Schmid B, Stocklin J (1991) Populationsbio- logie der Pflanzen. Birkhauser, Basel

Seidling W, Starfinger U, Stocklin J (1994) Geobotany I. Plant population ecology. Progr Bot 55: 345 — 370

Starfinger U, Stocklin J (1996) Seed, pollen, and clonal dispersal and their role in structuring plant populations. Progr Bot 57: 336 — 355

Urbanska KM (1992) Populationsbiologie der Pflanzen. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Wohrmann K, Jain SK (1990) Population Biology: Ecological and Evolutionary Viewpoints. Springer, Berlin

Ареалы растений

Barthlott W, Lauer W, Placke A (1996) Global distribution of species diversity in vascular plants: Towards a world map of phytodiversity. Erdkunde 50: 317-327

Benkert D, Fukarek F, Korsch H (i996) Ver- breitungsatlas der Farn- und Bffitenpflanzen Ost- deutschlands. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Cox CB, Moore PD (2000) Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach, 6th ed. Black- well, Oxford

Good R (1974) The Geography of the Flowering Plants, 4th ed. Longman, London

Haeupler H, Schonfelder P (1989) Atlas der Farn- und Bffitenpflanzen der Bundesrepublik, 2. Aufl. Ulmer Stuttgart

Hulten E, Fries M (1986) Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Konigstein

Humphries CJ, Parenti LR (1999) Cladistic Biogeography. Interpreting Patterns of Plant and Animal Distributions, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Jalas J, Suominen J (1988) Atlas Florae Euro- paeae: Distribution of Vascular Plants in Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Mennema J, Quene-Boterenbrood AJ, Plate CL

  1. Atlas of the Netherlands Flora. Junk, The Hague

Meusel H, Jager E (1965—1992) Vergleichen- de Chorologie der zentraleuropaischen Flora, 3 Bande. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Nimis PL, Crovello TJ (1991) Quantitative Approaches to Phytogeography. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Perring FH, Walters SM (1990) Atlas of the British Flora, 3rd ed. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London

Sandlund ОТ, Schei PJ, Viken A (1999) Invasive Species and Biodiversity Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Schonfelder P, Bresinsky A (1990) Verbreitung- satlas der Farn- und Bffitenpflanzen Bayerns. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Walter H, Straka H (1970) Arealkunde. Floris- tisch-historische Geobotanik, Band 3, Teil 2. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Welten M, Sutter R (1982) Verbreitungsatlas der Farn- und Bffitenpflanzen der Schweiz, 2 Bande. Birkhauser, Basel

Периодические издания

Journal of Biogeography

Экология растительности

Abe T, Levin SA, Higashi M (1997) Biodiversity. An Ecological Perspective. Springer, New York 1997

Alexander R, Millington AC (2000) Vegetation Mapping from Patch to Planet. John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Boyle TJB, Boyle СЕВ (1974) Biodiversity, Temperate Ecosystems, and Global Change. Springer, Berlin

Braun-Blanquet J (1964) Pflanzensoziologie: Grundziige der Vegetationskunde, 3. Aufl. Springer, Wien

Chapin FS 111, Sala OE, Huber-Sannwald E (2001) Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Ecol Studies 152. Springer, New York

Diamond JM, Case TJ (1986) Community Ecology. Harper amp; Row, Cambridge

Dierschke Н (1994) Pflanzensoziologie. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Dierssen D (1990) Einfiihrung in die Pflan- zensoziologie (Vegetationskunde). Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt

Ellenberg H, Weber HE, Dull R, Wirth V, Werner W, Paulissen D (1992) Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa, 2. Aufl. Goltz, Gottingen Ernst W (1974) Schwermetallvegetation der Erde. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Etherington JR (1983) Wetland Ecology. Arnold, London

Eyre SR (1963) Vegetation and Soils. Arnold, London

Glavac V (1996) Vegetationsokologie: Grund- fragen, Aufgaben, Methoden. Gustav Fischer, Jena Greig-Smith P (1983) Quantitative Plant Ecology, 3rd ed. Blackwell, Oxford

Groombridge B, Jenkins MD (2000). Global Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century. World Conservation Press, Cambridge Heywood VH (1994—1997) Centres of Plant Diversity. A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation, 3 vols. IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge

Hochberg ME, Clobert J, Barbault R (1996) Aspects of the Genesis and Maintenance of Biological Diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford Huston MA (1994) Biological Diversity. The Coexistence of Species on Changing Landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Knauer N (1981) Vegetationskunde und Land- schaftsokologie. Quelle amp; Meyer, Heidelberg

Kratochwil A, Schwabe A (2001) Okologie der Lebensgemeinschaften. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Kreeb KH (1983) Vegetationskunde: Methoden und Vegetationsformen unter Beriicksichtigung oko- systemischer Aspekte. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Kuchler AW, Zonneveld IS (1988) Vegetation Mapping. Handbook of Vegetation Science, vol 10. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht

Landolt E (1977) Okologische Zeigerwerte zur Schweizer Flora. Veroffentlichungen des Geobotani- schen Instituts Riibel Bd 64, Zurich

Levin SA (2001) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 5 vols. Academic Press, San Diego

Mooney HA, Cushman JH, Medina E, Sala OE, Schulze ED (1996) Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. Scope 55. John Wiley amp; Sons, Chichester

Mueller-Dombois D, Ellenberg H (1974) Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology. John Wiley amp; Sons, New York

Pfadenhauer J (1997) Vegetationsokologie, 2. Aufl. IHW-Verlag, Eching bei Miinchen

Rabotnov ТА (1995) Phytozonologie: Struktur und Dynamik natiirlicher Okosysteme. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Ricklefs RE, Schluter D (1993) Species Diversity in Ecological Communities: Historical and

Geographical Perspectives. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Rosenzweig ML (1995) Species Diversity in Space and Time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Schubert R (1991) Bioindikation in terrestri- schen Okosystemen, 2. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Jena Schulze ED, Mooney HA (1993) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function. Ecol Studies 99. Springer, Berlin

Tilman D (1^88) Plant Strategies and the Dynamics and Structure of Plant Communities. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey Walter H (1960) Grundlagen des Pflanzen- verbreitung, Bd 2. Arealkunde. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart

White J (1985) The Population Structure of Vegetation. Handbook of Vegetation Sciende vol 3. Junk, Dordrecht

Whittaker RH (1973) Ordination and Classification of Communities. Handbook of Vegetation Science vol 5. Junk, The Hague

Whittaker RH (1975) Communities and Ecosystems, 2nd ed. MacMillan Publishing Co, New York

Периодические издания

Plant Ecology, Phytocoenologia, Journal of Vegetation Science

Глава 15. РАСТИТЕЛЬНОСТЬ ЗЕМНОГО ШАРА

См. также литературу к гл. 14. Экология популяций и растительных сообществ

Общие работы

Archibold OW (1995) Ecology of World Vegetation. Chapman amp; Hall, London

Bailey RG (1996) Ecosystem Geography. Springer, New York

Beeftink WG, Rozema J, Huiskes AHL (1985) Ecology of Coastal Vegetation. Junk, Dordrecht Breymeyer I, Van Dyne GM (1980) Grasslands, Systems Analysis and Man. Int Biol Progr 19. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Chapin SF HI, Korner Ch (1995) Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Ecol Studies 113. Springer, Berlin

Davis GW, Richardson DM (1985) Mediterranean-type Ecosystems: The Function of Biodiversity. Ecol Studies 109. Springer, Berlin

Franz H (1979) Okologie der Hochgebirge. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Frey W, Losch R (1998) Lehrbuch der Geobo- tanik. Pflanze und Vegetation in Raum und Zeit. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Goodall DW (1977 ft) Ecosystems of the World, Series. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Goodall DW, Perry RA (1981) Arid-land Ecosystems: Structure, Functioning and Management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Grabherr G (1997) Farbatlas Okosysteme der Erde. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Klink 1TJ (1996) Vegetationsgeographie, 2. Aufl. Westermann, Braunschweig

Hofmeister H, Nottbohm G (1995) Okologie der Walder. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Mueller-Dombois D, Bridges KW, Carson HL

  1. Island Ecosystems: Biological Organization in Selected Hawaiian Communities. Hutchinson Ross Publishing, Stroudsburg

Miihlenberg M, Slowik J (1997) Kulturland schaft als Lebensraum. Quelle amp; Meyer, Wiesbaden

Otto HJ (1994) Waldokologie. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Ovington JD (1983) Temperate Broad-leaved Evergreen Forests. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Remmert H (1998) Spezielle Okologie. Terres- trische Systeme. Springer, Berlin

Schmithtiisen J (1976) Atlas zur Biogeographie. Meyers grofier physikalischer Weltatlas 3. Bibliogra- phisches Institut, Mannheim

Schultz J (1985) Die Okozonen der Erde, 2. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Succow M, Joosten H (2001) Landschaftsoko- logische Moorkunde, 2. Aufl. E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart

Sukopp H, Wittig R (1998) Stadtokologie, 2. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Tischler W (1990) Okologie der Lebensraume: Meer, Binnengewasser, Naturlandschaften, Kultur- landschaf't. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Troll С (1966) Okologische Landschaftsfor- schung und vergleichende Hochgebirgsforschung. Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden

Walter H (1973) Vegetation of the Earth in Relation to Climate and Ecophysiological Conditions. The English University Press, London

Walter H (1976) Die okologischen Systeme der Kontinente (Biogeosphare). Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Walter H (1988) Allgemeine Geobotanik als Grundlage einer ganzheitlichen Okologie, 3. Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Walter H, Breckle SW (1983-1991) Okologie der Erde, 4 Bande. UTB, Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Walter H, Breckle SW (1999) Vegetation und Klimazonen. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Walter H, Harnickell E, Mueller-Dombois D (1975) Klimadia-gramm-Karten der einzelnen Kontinente und die okologische Klimagliederung der Erde. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Wittig R (1991) Okologie der Grossstadtflora. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Растительность Центральной Европы и Альп

Braun-Blanquet J (1961) Die inneralpine Tro- ckenvegetation. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Ellenberg H (1986) Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen in okologischer, dynamischer und historischer Sicht. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Hamann U, Wagenitz G (1977) Bibliographic zur Flora von Mitteleuropa: eine Auswahl der neueren floristischen und vegetationskundlichen Literatur, 2. Aufl. Parey, Berlin

Institut fur Angewandle Forschung (1996) Di- gitaler landschaftsokologischer Atlas Baden-Wiir- ttemberg I : 200000 Elektronische Daten. Springer, Heidelberg

Korner Ch (1999) Alpine Plant Life. Springer, Berlin

Lazowski W (1997) Auen in Osterreich. Um- weitbundesamt, Wien

Leibundgut H (1982) Europaische Urwalder der Bergstufe dargestellt ffir Forstleute, Naturwiss- enschafter und Freunde des Waldes. Haupt, Bern Mayer H (1974) Walder des Ostalpenraumes. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Mertz P (2000) Pflanzengesellschaften Mitteleuropas und der Alpen: Erkennen, Bestimmen, Bewerten. Ecomed Verlagsge-sellschaft, Landsberg am Lech

Meusel H, Jager E, Rauscher S, Weinert E (1978) Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuro- paischen Flora, Bande 1 und 2. Gustav Fischer, Jena Mucina L (1993) Die Pflanzengesellschaften Osterreichs, 3 Bande. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Nachtigall W (1986) Lebensraume mittel- europaische Landschaften und Okosysteme. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Miinchen

Oberdorfer E (1992— 1993) Siiddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften, 3 Bande. Gustav Fischer, Jena Ozenda P (1979) Vegetation Map of the Council of Europe Member States. Council of Europe, Strasbourg

Ozenda P (1988) Die Vegetation der Alpen im europaischen Gebirgsraum. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Passarge H (1996—1999) Pflanzengesellschaften Nordostdeutschlands, 2 Bande. Borntraeger, Berlin Pott R (1992) Die Pflanzengesellschaften Deut- schlands, Ulmer, Stuttgart

Pott R (1993) Farbatlas Waldlandschaften, U1 mer, Stuttgart

Pott R, Remy D (2000) Gewasser des Binnen- landes. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Reisigl H, Keller R (1987) Alpenpflanzen im Lebensraum. Alpine Rasen, Schutt- und Felsvege- tation. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Reisigl H, Keller R (1999) Lebensraum Berg- wald. Alpenpflanzen in Bergwald, Baumgrenze und Zwergstrauchheide. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Runge R (1994) Die Pflanzengesellschaften Mitteleuropas, 12./13. Aufl. Aschendorff, Miinster Schmid E (1961) Erlauterungen zur Vegetati- onskarte der Schweiz. Eluber, Bern

Schroter С (1926) Das Pflanzenleben der Alpen, 2. Aufl. Raustein, Ziirich

Steiger P (1998) Walder der Schweiz. Ott, Thun Sukopp H (1990) Stadtokologie: das Beispiel Berlin. Reimer, Berlin

Wagner H (1985) Die natOrliche Pflanzendecke Osterreichs. Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien

Walter El (1974) Die Vegetation Osteuropas, Nord- und Zentralasiens. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart Wilmanns 0(1998) Okologische Pflanzenso- ziologie: eine Einfiihrung in die Vegetation Mitteleuropas, 6. Aufl. Quelle amp; Meyer, Wiesbaden

Растительность тропиков, субтропиков и Австралии

Beadle NCW (1981) The Vegetation of Australia. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Brown S, Iverson LR (1992) Biomass estimates for tropical forests. World Resource Rev 4: 366 — 384 Chazdon RL, Whitmore TC (2002) Foundations of Tropical Forest Biology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Cole MM (1986) The Savannas: Biogeography and Geobotany. Academic Press, London

Deshmukh I (1986) Ecology and Tropical Biology. Blackwell, Palo Alto

Dolder W (1976) Tropenwelt: Fauna und Flora zwischen den Wendekreisen. Kiimmerly + Frey, Bern Evenari M, Noy-Meir 1, Goodall DW (1985 — 1986) Hot Deserts and Arid Shrublands, 2 vols. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Graham A (1973) Vegetation and Vegetational History of Northern Latin America. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Groves RH (1994) Australian Vegetation, 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Hamilton LS, Juvik JO, Scatena FN (1995) Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Ecol Studies 110. Springer, New York

Hedberg 0(1964) Features of afroalpine plant ecology. Acta Phytogeographica Suecica 49, Almqvist amp; Wiksell, Uppsala

Hogarth, PJ (1999) The Biology of Mangroves. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Hueck K, Seibert P (1981) Vegetationskarte von Siidamerika: Erlauterungen zur Karte 1: 8 Mi- llionen. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Huntley BJ, Walker BH (1982) Ecology of Tropical Savannas. Ecol Studies 42. Springer, Berlin Keast A (1981) Ecological Biogeography of Australia, 3 vols. Junk, The Hague

Kira T, Iwata К (1967) Nature and Life in Southeast Asia. Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo

Knapp R (1973) Die Vegetation von Afrika unter Beriicksichtigung von Umwelt, Entwicklung, Wirtschaft, Agrar- und Forstgeographie. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Koechlin J, Guillaumet JL, Morat P (1997) Flore et vegetation de Madagascar. Ganter, Vaduz Kuschel G (1975) Biogeography and Ecology in New Zealand. Junk, The Hague

Lieth H, Werger MJA (1989) Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystems. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Longman KA, Jenik J (1987) Tropical Forest and its Environment, 2nd ed. Longman Scientific amp; Technical, Harlow

Mabberley DJ (1992) Tropical Rain Forest Ecology, 2nd ed. Blackie, Glasgow

Mueller-Dombois D, Fosberg FR (1998) Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands. Ecol Studies 132. Springer, New York

Orians GH, Dirzo R, Cushman JH (1996) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Processes in Tropical Forests. Ecol Studies 122. Springer, Berlin

Paijmans К (1976) New Guinea Vegetation. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Pancel L (1993) Tropical Forestry Handbook, 2 vols. Springer, Berlin

Proctor J (1989) Mineral Nutrients in Tropical Forest and Savanna Ecosystems. Blackwell, Oxford

Richards PW (1996) The Tropical Rain Forest: An Ecological Study, 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Rundel PW, Smith AP, Meinzer FC (1994) Tropical Alpine Environments. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Schnell R (1987) La (lore et la vegetation de I'Amdrique tropicale, 2 vols. Masson, Paris

Scholes RJ, Archer SR (1997) Tree-grass interactions in savannas. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 28: 517— 544

Sioli H (1984) The Amazon: Limnology and Landscape Ecology of a Mighty Tropical River and its Basin. Monogr Biol 56. Junk, Dordrecht

Tomlinson PB (1986) The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Troll С (1959) Die tropischen Gebirge: ihre dreidimensionale klimatische und pflanzengeogra- phische Zonierung. Bonner Geogr Abhandl 25, in Kommission bei Ferdinand Diimmlers Verlag, Bonn

Turner IM (2001) The Ecology of Trees in the Tropical Rain Forest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Vareschi V (1980) Vegetationsokologie derTro- pen. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Vuilleumier F, Monasterio M (1986) High Altitude Tropical Biogeography. Oxford University Press, New York

Whitmore TC (1998) An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Внетропическая растительность за пределами Центральной Европы

Barbour MG, Billings WD (2000) North American Terrestrial Vegetation, 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Bliss LC, Heal OW, Moore JJ (1981) Tundra Ecosystems, a Comparative Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Bonan GB, Shugart HH (1989) Environmental factors and ecological processes in boreal forests. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 20: 1 — 28

Boufford DE, Ohba H (1998) Sino-Japanese Flora its Characteristics and Diversification. The University Museum, Tokyo

Braun-Blanquet J (1952) Les groupements vcgc- taux de la France mediterrancenne. Imprimerie Ma- cabet, Vaison-La-Romaine

Chapin lit FS, Jefferies R, Reynolds J, Shaver G, Svoboda J (1992) Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective. Academic Press, San Diego

Chernov YI (1988) The Living Tundra. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Coupland RT (1993) Natural Grasslands. Ecosystems of the World, vol 8B. Elsevier, Amsterdam Dierssen К (1996) Vegetation Nordeuropas. Ulmer, Stuttgart

Hofrichter R (2002) Das Mittelmeer: Fauna, Flora, Okologie. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg

Horvat I, Glavac V, Ellenberg H (1974) Vegetation Siidosteuropas. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart Hulten E (1962—1971) The Circumpolar Plants, 2 vols. Almqvist amp; Wiksell, Stockholm Ives JD, Barry RG (1974) Arctic and Alpine Environments. Methuen, London

Knapp R (1965) Die Vegetation von Nord- und Mittelamerika und der Hawaii-Inseln. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

Kunkel G (1993) Die Kanarischen Inseln und ihre Pflanzenwelt, 3. Aufl. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart Larsen JA (1980) The Boreal Ecosystem. Academic Press, New York

Little С (2000) The Biology of Soft Shores and Estuaries. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Little C, Kitching JA (1996) The Biology of Rocky Shores. Oxford University Press, Oxford Mayer H (1986) Europaische Walder: ein Uber- blick und Fiihrer durch die gefahrdeten Naturwalder. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

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Источник: П. Зитте, Э. В. Вайлер, Й. В. Кадерайт, А. Брезински, К. Кёрнер. Ботаника. Учебник для вузов : в 4 т. /; на основе учебника Э. Страсбургера [и др.] ; пер. с нем. Е. Б. Поспеловой. — М. : Издательский центр «Академия». — 256 с.. 2007

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